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First recorded UK car journey - Micheldever Station, Hampshire

A station by Sir William Tite and listed Grade II, an example of a station giving its name to a village. It was the point of departure of the first motor car drive in Britain in whichthe Honourable Evelyn Ellis drove the first horseless carriage on a public open road in England - defying the "Red Flag Act" which was holding back automobile development in the UK.


Region:
Hampshire
Red Wheel Site:
Yes
Transport Mode(s):
Rail
Address:

Micheldever Station, SO21 3AP

Postcode:
SO21 3AP
Visitor Centre:
No
Website:

About First recorded UK car journey - Micheldever Station, Hampshire

Micheldever is a village two miles away from the railway station, which was until 1858 called Andover Road. A village grew up around the station and was called Micheldever Station. The station was built in 1840 by the London & Southampton Railway, predecessor of the London & South Western on the main line to Southampton.

The station building by Sir William Tite is a well proportioned two storey building with flint walls and a hipped roof. It has an unusual veranda around it.


The station was the starting point for the first automobile journey in Britain, in 1895. The vehicle, a Daimler-engined Panhard et Levassor, had been ordered from France by the Hon. Evelyn Ellis (1843-1913). It was transported across the channel by ferry, and then to Micheldever Station by train. Ellis received delivery on the platform and drove the vehicle to Datchet, deliberately testing an Act of Parliament that required all self-propelled vehicles on public roads to travel at no more than 4 mph and to be preceded by a man waving a red flag. Ellis was not arrested and the Act was repealed in 1896. His description of this journey can be found in 'Motors' cited in the bibliography below.

This illustration shows the Panhard & Levassor n ° 5 of Emile Levassor and Charles of Hostingue, victorious of Paris-Bordeaux-Paris 1895 - The Life with the Big Air of October 18, 1913, p.859 - Wikipedia Commons license

La Panhard Levassor n5 dEmile Levassor et Charles dHostingue victorieuse du Paris Bordeaux Paris 1895

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

The 1895 "Ellis Journey" from Micheldever Station to his home in Datchet is celebrated by re-enactments.
The following video from YouTube documents the event of 2018

By Road: The station is near the A303 Basingstoke to Andover road approximately 4 km (2 miles) from the village of Micheldever.

By Rail: it is served by trains from Waterloo, Portsmouth and Southampton.

 

Barman, Christian, An Introduction to Railway Architecture, Art & Technics, (1950)

Biddle, Gordon,
Great Railway Stations of Britain, David & Charles,  ISBN 0 7153 8263 2 (1986)

Biddle, Gordon,
Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, Oxford University Press, ISBN-10: 0198662475 (2003)

Biddle, Gordon,
Victorian Stations, David & Charles, ISBN 0 7153 5949 5 (1973)

Biddle, Gordon & Nock, O.S.,
The Railway Heritage of Britain : 150 years of railway architecture and engineering, Studio Editions, ISBN-10: 1851705953 (1990)

Biddle, Gordon and Simmons, J.,
The Oxford Companion to British Railway History, Oxford, ISBN 0 19 211697 5 (1997)

Biddle, Gordon,and Spence, Jeffry,
The British Railway Station, David & Charles, ISBN 0 7153 7467 2(1977)

Butt, R.V.J.,
The Directory of Railway Stations, Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. (October 1995, 1st Edition)

Conolly, W. Philip,
British Railways Pre-Grouping Atlas And Gazetteer, Ian Allan Publishing, ISBN 0-7110-0320-3 (1958/97)

Harmsworth, A. and others. The Badminton Library: Motors, Longmans, (1904) p.374.

White, H.P. A Regional History of the Railways of Britain, Southern England. ISBN 0 7153 4733 0 (1970)

Lloyd, David and Insall, Donald, Railway Station Architecture, David & Charles, ISBN 0 7153 7575 X (1978)

Simmons, J., The Railways of Britain, Macmillan, ISBN 0 333 40766 0 (1961-86)

Simmons, J., The Victorian Railway, Thames & Hudson, ISBN 0 500 25110X (1991)

Williams, R.A. The London & South Western Railway, Vol. 1. David & Charles, ISBN-10 071534188X (1968)

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