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Manchester Barton Aerodrome

An early airport with its original control tower, the first in Britain, still standing.


Region:
Greater Manchester
Red Wheel Site:
Yes
Transport Mode(s):
Air
Address:

Liverpool Road, Manchester, M30 7SA

Postcode:
M30 7SA
Visitor Centre:
No
Website:

About Manchester Barton Aerodrome

The City of Manchester chose Fox hill Farm, alongside the present A57, in 1928 as the site for its first airport. This choice was influenced by the City's Cleansing Department's ownership there of 2600 acres. Building of the Airport commenced in March 1929 and to reduce costs, the area was limited to 80 acres east of Fox Hill Glen.

The Airport officially opened on 29th January 1930 with completion of the Control Tower (the first in the UK) and a large Hangar, which was designed to house the most advanced passenger aircraft of the day, the Imperial Airways Argosy. The airport became the first municipal airfield in the UK to be licensed by the Air Ministry.

The first landing was by an Avro Avian, with the first large aircraft to use the airfield being Imperial Airway's three-engine Argosy on 23rd May 1930.

From 16th June through until 20th September 1930, Imperial Airways were flying 3 times a week using Argosy and Handley Page W.8 and W.10 airliners from Croydon and Birmingham to Manchester (Barton) Airport. However, the airport was very quiet between 1931 and 1933 and in 1934, Manchester asked KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) if they would use the airport as a terminal for regular flights between Manchester and Holland. On 23 January 1934, Captain Ivan Smirnoff flew a Fokker F.XII three-engine airliner via Hull to the airport to assess its suitability. He commented;

‘˜The airfield is very small. Extensions would be very costly. From a meteorological standpoint (fog), this is the worst airfield in Europe known to me. Surrounding obstructions (chimneys, pylons etc) make approaches dangerous. Do not spend any more money on Barton, but find a more open ground. It is unfortunate that our [KLM's] proposal for a joint airport for Manchester and Liverpool has been turned down'

It was clear that, to put it mildly, the airport was not ideally suited, and KLM chose Liverpool's new airfield as their terminal for the service from Amsterdam via Hull.

The rejection of Manchester (Barton) Airport and selection of Liverpool led directly to the city seeking an alternative site and on 25 July 1934, following a report by aeronautical consultants, a site at Ringway was approved, although only by one vote.

However, Manchester (Barton) Airport continued and after a period of operation by the Air Ministry during the second world war, it returned to use for general aviation use. In 2002, ownership of the airport was transferred to the Manchester Ship Canal Development Company, part of Peel Holdings. However, the airfield continued to be operated by the Lancashire Aero Club through until 2007 when the airport was renamed 'City Airport Manchester' and the operation of the airport was transferred to City Airport Manchester Ltd, a subsidiary of Peel Airports.

The airport now houses over 130 aircraft, and an increasing number of aviation related businesses and flying schools.

Restoration and repair work on the Control Tower building (A Grade II listed building) was completed in 2006

By road: On Liverpool Road, A57, five miles from the centre of Manchester.

Bowyer, Chaz, History of the RAF, Dolphin, ASIN B000O52SBU (1984)

Chant, Christopher, History of the RAF: From 1939 to the Present, Caxton, ISBN -10 1840671092 (2000)

Falconer, Jonathan, RAF Bomber Airfields of World War 2, Ian Allan, ISBN 0 7110 2080 9 (1995)

Ifould, Lloyd, Immortal Era, The Birth of British Civil Aviation, Adanr Press, ASIN B0007K0WXS (1948)

Nesbitt, Roy Conyers, RAF: An Illustrated History from 1918, ISBN -10 0750942898 (2007)

Robertson, Bruce, The RAF, a pictorial history, Hale, ASIN B0015MBVFU (1979)

Taylor, J. W. R., Pictorial History of the RAF (3 vols), Ian Allan, ASIN B00187V17A (1968)

Wright, Alan, British Airports, Ian Allan, ISBN-10 0 7110 2452 6 (1996)

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